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The rise of the niche banks: how customer values and engagement with technology are shaping the next wave of neo-banks.
The onset of digitalisation disrupted and forever changed countless industries and incumbents such as Kodak and Blockbuster. Up until around 2012, banks appeared to be immune from such disruption. However around 2012 the rise of the neo-banks and unbundlers began.
There are countless drivers behind the rise of the neo-banks, but two important factors have propelled the rise. First, the opening up of the market for new entrants and further innovation by regulators. In the UK, perhaps the epicenter of neo-banks and disruption, this was accelerated by the country’s forward thinking regulators and countless Sandbox initiatives. Second, the overarching one size fits all model of banking products. Customer segmentation was largely based on wealth (e.g. mass Market vs private vs. high net worth) or in the case of businesses, a simplistic classification by their turnover.
The first wave of the neo-banks were characterized by the Simples’ and Movens’ of the world, which aimed to differentiate from traditional banks in two ways. First, a banking experience entirely and exclusively on mobile, and second by offering next-generation personal finance management (PFM) aimed at the masses, based on ‘safe to spend’ analysis and enhanced categorisation.
The next wave of neo-banks saw the launch, and subsequent catapult to Unicorn status, of N26, Revolut and Monzo. These banks continued with the mobile-first and great PFM approach as their predecessors, but also focused on external partnerships, marketplaces, beautiful design and most important, a low-cost option.
What does the neo-banking scene of today look like? There is one key difference in how the new banks of 2018 and 2019 differ from their predecessors, and that is their focus on a specific customer segment with unique needs. Today, “mobile or digitally savvy” customers just aren’t a true specific segment.
The neo-banks of today, or niche banks, are continuing to build upon what Monzo, N26 and Revolut have achieved, but tailoring their entire product offering, design, and brand towards a particular segment. This includes customer segments with particular beliefs, concerns, or ways in which they engage with technology. By going niche, a whole host of doors are unlocked in terms of offering truly contextualised, relevant and customer-friendly solutions.
Everyone reading this post is a bank customer, but how many of us feel that our bank is solving our unique pain points besides offering us the baseline financial products such as current account or a payment card?
We will explore a few new niche banks, and demonstrate how they were created to cater to a particular niche. These banks cater to a very broad spectrum of customers, and are fantastic examples of how their product vision resonates across every touchpoint of the customer experience.
Let’s start with TMRW Bank, the digital-bank offered from UOB, designed for millennials in Thailand.
TMRW was built completely from scratch with the sole purpose of meeting the financial needs of ASEAN millennials. It is designed to cope with each distinct market, and taps into the regional UOB Engagement Labs (unit set up by UOB bank to leverage behavioural insights to deepen customer engagement) in order to experiment and learn from potential customers. The bank partnered with two fintech firms, and learned from market leaders as well as millennial brands to explore the latest technological and behavioural insights to deepen customer engagement.
A handful of features are applicable to the millennial segment:
TMRW is a fine example of engaging customers from the on-set of the build and translating every feature, design component, and usability based on the results of those engagements.
Insha is a digital bank offered by Bahrain’s Albaraka Turk and powered by Solaris Bank. It was launched in Germany, with plans to extend into other parts of Europe. It is the second bank in Germany to manage the money of its customers according to the rules of Islamic Banking (there are 20 million Muslims in the EU and 4.7 million Muslims in Germany). Adherence to Islamic Banking principles is they key driver behind how this bank fulfils the needs and value of its target customer segment. Insha cleverly explains their relational with the following question:
“If you can choose your meals according to your values, why wouldn’t you be able to choose your banking according to your values?"
What’s applicable to customers who wish to bank according to Islamic banking principles?
In addition to a bank based on Islamic principles, it has a Mosque finder and Zakat Calculator (Zakat is payment made annually under Islamic law on certain kinds of property and used for charitable and religious purposes). Furthermore, it includes all the nicely designed and convenient features one would expect from a mobile first bank, and it truly adheres to the fact it’s built based on values.
Tomorrow is a German bank, again powered by Solaris. It is a mobile first bank with an ethos of living and banking sustainability, backed by it’s a sustainability promise. It utilises open discussions around how money can be part of the solution for a sustainable future.
Upon early customer testing, the team realised there was certainly a market for those looking for a bank that focuses on sustainability. Within the first 20 minutes of their first social media post they had 150 applicants for testing.
What makes everything about Tomorrow sustainable?
Tomorrow features and design meet a highly transparent and truly passionate bank about sustainability. Every part of this bank resorts back to it’s values and sustainability.
Atom Bank, one of the early UK neo-banks launched their app with the promise of providing a truly personalised banking experience. When customers registered, they could choose their “unique” color pallet for their banking app and ‘rename’ the bank based on their name (for example, my bank would be “The Bank of Matej.”) Kudos for what they were trying to achieve but nothing about these features constitutes a banking experience truly tailored to an individual.
Today, we are on that path toward establishing greater personalisation in financial services. While this may never get to the individual level, we are starting to see more solutions focusing on particular nuances of segments, or tailored to specific beliefs or requirements. It goes above and beyond the most obvious way to personalise banking experience by implementing machine learning or AI capabilities. In our opinion it’s a fantastic way forward. By deeply aligning their purpose, vision and brand around a particular niche, these banks can capitalise on actual jobs in their customers daily lives, potentially catering to more touch points than traditional banks can who simply add some incremental technology to 'personalize' their platforms.
With the rise of banking-as-a-service providers and vendors available to build a bank, there is unlimited opportunity for going niche for startups and incumbent banks alike. In the second article of this series, we will explore where some of these opportunities may lie.